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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is one of the leading causes of infertility in women and a common hormone problem. Polycystic ovaries contain many small follicles, and the dominant follicle does not develop as easily. This leads to problems with your ovulation cycle, as the egg within the follicle may not be released.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS affects as many as one in six women, yet there are typically few symptoms. You might only be diagnosed after experiencing difficulty falling pregnant. PCOS can also increase the risk of miscarriage, and of gestational diabetes, if you do fall pregnant.

If you have PCOS, you may experience irregular menstrual cycles (they could be heavy and infrequent), facial hair growth, acne or obesity. These are all caused by imbalances in hormone production, including a mild increase in testosterone levels.

PCOS is diagnosed by an ultrasound and blood test.

How does Dr Samen treat PCOS?

It is possible to relieve the symptoms of PCOS without needing medication or surgery. Lifestyle changes, such asimproving your diet and increasing exercise, can make a difference. Sometimes medication (such as Clomid) can be used to stimulate regular periods.

If you are trying to conceive a baby, or have also experienced recurrent miscarriage, Dr Wafa Samen may recommend IVF treatment.

> Find out more about PCOS.